hard evidence points to the earliest human occupation in the Americas at 14K ybp, but my archeologist says it is suspected to be much earlier but the required definitive evidence is still not in place...
european emigration is barely plausible but still it can't be ruled either...similar lithic tools is interesting but not an absolute connection, different people can develop the same technology without ever being in contact with each other...For example, it is gaining some acceptance that among the earliest groups to emmigrate to the Americas there may well be some Europeans. One of the largest puzzles in the anthropological record is the Clovis Point. For a century, archaeologists have been trying to find out how this amazing spear point was created, and by who. It is most puzzling, since the point is nothing like what those that crossed the Bering Land Bridge, or cmae across from the Pacific Islands used. Those cultures used more of a "knitting needle" type of a point. They also had a haft, which was tied into the spear, like an arrow head.
And the closest Old World spear head from that era came from France.
a lot accept this as fact? you're overstating it, some suggest, and there is little to no evidence supporting it...Yet, they also clamp onto and claim that early Paleo-Indians are Caucasian, when they are in fact are not. Instead, why don't they dump the lies and grab onto a theory which has a lot of supporters, the Solutrean Theory (which was created by members of the... Smithsonian Institution). Which has East to West migrations of Europeans crossing along the edge of the ice pack from Europe to Greenland then to the Americas.
A lot of anthropologists accept this as fact. The fossil record appears to support it. And even the DNA record appears to point strongly to an introduction of European DNS strands in the mix of modern Indians.
This is very interesting because there also exists another possible link between the Japanese and Native Americans. Betty Meggers has shown similarities of pottery fragments found in Japan and Ecuador. She contended that Japanese Middle Jomon pottery was similar to ceramics from the Valdivia site in Ecuadoróboth dating between 2000 and 3000 B.C.. Meggers has also stated that plants and parasites of Japanese origin are found among Andean populations. Particularly, a subtype of the HTLV-1 retrovirus was found in two ancient Bolivian desert mummies. Until the recent discovery, the virus was thought to be endemic only to a small region in southern japan. The virus spreads only by sexual contact. The Jomon culture was also based in the southern islands of Japan.[I]The first analysis of craniometric data utilized the primary variable set of 52 dimensions (Table 2). In the canonical discriminant analysis of the primary variables, Kennewick falls between modern Amerindians and southeast Asian groups (Figure 2), a pattern noted for other ancient North American remains by Steele and Powell (1992, 1994). When the size-corrected data are used to generate posterior probabilities of group membership, the Kennewick individual has the greatest probability of inclusion in the South Japan sample (pposterior = 0.9861), followed by the South Pacific Moriori (pposterior = 0.0081) and North American Arikara (pposterior = 0.0021) samples.
So the evidence seems to be pointing to the the Americas being populated by descendants of the southern Japanese.
that South American plant found in Polynesia? the sweet potato, and it's propagated by cutting shoots...it's been in Polynesia at least 1000 yrs...Polynesian chickens in s America, s American sweet potato across the pacific, it's circumstantial but quite strong that Polynesian sailors reached the americas ...
And do not forget the Inuit Culture. This is the descendent culture of earlier cultures that truely circle the globe. And they stretch from Greenland and Iceland to what is now Canada and Alaska. And smaller groups are also found in Russia. Nobody is really suggesting the kind of "colonization" that happened in the 15th century. But more likely a slow movement of seperate family groups, who likely settled along the East Coast, and largely lived as Fishermen.
And both the rising sea level at the end of the ice age and the greater numbers of Asiatic paleo-Indians simply absorbed these groups.
Most anthropoligists accept that the American Continent was most likely settled by multiple waves of people migrating to this continent. Most from North Asia, and a scattered from from the Pacific Islands and even Europe. There is even some research into possible minor emmigrations from Africa to South America.
The theory is that some of the Jomon fled on fishing boats when there was a huge volcanic erruption. They then sailed across the Pacific ocean to the Americas. Such an oddyssey is not completely unrealistic. The Polynesians reached all the way to Easter Island. A norwegian man later proved that the polynesians could have sailed to South America.
Last edited by Anders Hoveland; Dec 21 2011 at 11:43 AM.
Pottery, Tools, Remains, structures & such with dates up to & beyond 17k years will be more commonplace finds in WESTERN Hemisphere including the Americas.