A LESSON FOR THE U.S. FROM EUROPE ABOUT SLAVERY Oh, really? Then why is this happening: As I see on French TV, the signs Black Lives Matter (in English) on footage from demonstrations in both the US and France. (Yes, France has black citizens! But not in the same proportion as the US.) Why? Because the same phenomenon is happening in both the US and Europe (only to lesser degrees because blacks are a smaller proportion of the population.That is, black-lives come in second in Europe as well. And Arab-lives come in third. Slavery started in Europe a long, long time ago. The losers in battles between countries became "slaves" for the rest of their lives. The black slave-trade started in the 1400s when they were brought from Africa to Europe to be sold. But slaves had existed in Europe since before Christ. If a male was fighting a battle for anybody and they lost it, those captured by the winner became slaves for the rest of their lives. As did the females from those cities captured. (And if they tried to escape, they were slaughtered as a lesson to the others. The effective "worker" in Rome for construction were slaves, not free-Romans. (Let's try to remember that when visiting the vestiges of the Ancient Rome Empire - because your guide will not be dwelling upon that particular part of Roman history!) Like most, I thought all the blacks that I was seeing in France came in the recent past from the ex-French colonies in black-Africa. Well, yes, many but not all. There's been blacks in Europe who have lived here since the 15th/16th century. (See history here.) There were also slaves here "bought" by rich Spanish families in Valencia, which was the major European slave-trade port into which they were brought from Africa. Most were sold all over Europe, but mostly the southern European-states. Then, with the evolution of farming in the American colony, the slave-trade moved west from Africa to the southern US states farms. The north refused to employ them, which inevitably led to the Civil War in the 1860s, which the South lost to the North and the slaves were "supposedly freed". The smarter one moved north, the southern ones were treated "differently". Europe employed black-slaves a good many centuries ago. However, African-original slaves are not a major part of any European population. The movement of North African Muslims was more prevalent than blacks (I would say) amongst the hodgepodge that Europe has become - just like America! Many African slaves bred with whites and thus their children "became white". Most bred within their ethnic group - just like in the US - at first, but further generations have tended to mix in Europe. Which has known what to do with them better than the US - where many have remained in city-ghettos. Any such "ghetto" where blacks or Arabs were dominant in Europe are slowly disintegrating as free tertiary-level education has given them the ability for higher pay-scales and thus to move out of the poorer sections of large cities. THAT IS WHAT AMERICA MUST DO: Educate its poor out of comparative poverty ... !