Christian Evangelists have been some of the strongest supporters of Israel. They see Israel as part of an unfolding end of times story necessary in a scheme of events that must transpire before Jesus returns. Complicating Christian-Jewish relations are other sects of Christianity that still see Jews as the descendants of the people who chose to kill Christ and a movement within the Evangelical movement now led by anti Israeli Palestinian Christians. Christian tourists are very common in Israel and find deep connection to Jerusalem, Bethlehem and other sites. The fact though is both conventional religions interperate the Bible differently. To start with, as a general rule conventional Christians regard the Old Testament as telling a linteral story which ends in the New Testament an heavily relies on the gospels of Paul and an interpretation of Israel saved by Jesus. For Jewish people the Old Testament story is NOT read liiterally as it would be by Christians. Christians are more likely to reference the entire Bible as a story about saving humanity. However when Jews wrote the Old Testament they concentrated on Abraham creating a nation that to remain and exist as a collective must worship God via the rules set out in the Old Testament. It was a code of behaviour to repress certain negative primal behaviour and to keep Hebrews united if they were to survive the threat of enemies. So the Old Testament is written as a collection of parables instructing how one behaves. There is no concept of salvation. Complicating things is that the literal reading of the Old Testament is just the beginning. You must read it at many different levels and constantly find new lessons to learn out of the same words. So its fluid in meaning not static. Christians are brought up on a fixed literal one size fits all approach whereas there is somel leeway to give a second "spiritual" meaning as well but only by the clergy. Common Christians if they do not read the Bible literally might be accused of apostasy. Christians place much interpretation on the the writings of Paul and predicts a future salvation after tribulation and battles. The Jewish Bible is meant as one code of behaviour to be read along with many others. The Hebrew Bible consists of a collection of writings from unknowns written and compiled, soemtime between the eighth and second centuries BCE and reflects of course the biases of that time and so as Judaism has evolved its continued to change and develop the meanings and not expect people to read what is written literally. If we Jews did we would be supposed to stone homosexuals or forbid deaf people from getting married because they were said in the Bible not to understand the vows of marriage. Christians on the other hand still hold steadfast to their literal interpretation of both Testments and in particular to the belief that is Jesus the Messiah that must come back to save the righteous. Orthodox Jews believe a Messiah will come but the concept of the Messiah is subject to great speculation as to whether it means one person, or the potential in every person born a Jew to be born to heal the world through positive actions (teekam olem). All that said Judaism is not uniform. It has Ultra Orthodox, Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, Re-Constructionist ahd Humanist Jews and many Humanist Jews are atheist. The collective identity of being a Jew is not not just following the Torah or Old Testament but many other cultural and ethnic commonly shared connections including expressing that collective identity through nationality, art, literature. Most of today's Israels are not religious. They have to live in the moment which is about dealing with terrorism, hostile neighbours, and millions of non Israelis who do not believe they have a right to nationality and/or to own land. Israel does however try foster alliances with Christian griyu and recognizes their land rights. The touchy topic though is that many Christians still believe they must convert all Jews and/or truly believe there must be an Armageddon where they believe Iran, Russia, Turkey, Libya, Sudan, Syria will attack Israel and then God will intervene to send these invaders to smithereens and usher in the new world of the righteous who survive the final days. The problem with that brings up a practical one. If people believe that, then they believe war is inevitable. This is why we always have people predicting its the end of times and the Anti Christ has set in motion the final days. I myself like most modern Israelis and modern people do not read the Bible literally and live in the immediate tense believing the only thing that can achieve peace is we the people being the messiah so to speak and choosing to put down or weapons and primal behaviour in favour of logic, rational discussion and mutual respect. We are still far off from their because mainstream Islam as professed in the ME still defines Jews as dhimmi, inferiors unable to own land or own a nation and who are considered a people that must be battled with world wide in a religious war. Until moderate interpretations of the Koran gain mainstream acceptance and catch up to say where modern Christian and Jews are, the religious beliefs will interfere and prevent peaceful Muslims from feeling confident to recognize Israel, denounce terrorism, and enter into badly needed exchange projects with Israel regarding water, electricity, managing sewage and waste the most pressing issues of the day put to the -back-burner as terrorists dominate the discourse between Israel and Palestinians preventing such plans from being created. The key to ME peace is access water and it always has been. Many Ultra Orthodox Jews believe Israel should not exist until the Messiah comes and live in East Jerusalem and Hebron and demand social benefits from the Israeli state while refusing to pay taxes and they consider it a demon state. Adding to that is 250,000 of them live in Hebron on the West Bank since ancient days and many also do not recognize Israel unlike the other Jewish Israeli settlers on the West Bank BUT today's Palestinian movements have stated they can not live in Palestine and Palestine will expel them if and when it takes back Israel and Jordan and creates a Muslim Palestinian state.