There is an indispensable distinction, even when there's no difference, between what implied and what is inferred. Implications are necessary. Inferences are contingent. Implications are what they are. Inferences are not-necessarily what is implied. Inferring what is not implied is error. Imputing what is not inferred is to bear false witness. It is my experience that those who define an offense by what is inferred, rather than by what is implied, are also those most likely to impute to others that which they, themselves, did not infer from them.