Simple task from Math

Discussion in 'Science' started by 4Runner, Oct 16, 2018.

  1. 4Runner

    4Runner Banned

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    I laugh so far ...

    Task:
    I have 2 numbers:

    A = 1
    B = 0.9999999999999 ... = 0 (9)

    Question:
    Are these two numbers equal or not?

    :evileye:
     
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  2. perdidochas

    perdidochas Well-Known Member

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    Not sure what the notation in B is. Is the number that begins with .999 a repeating decimal? What does the = 0 (9) represent.

    If you are wondering if 1 and 0.99 (repeating decimal) are equal, the answer is no.
     
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  3. The Don

    The Don Well-Known Member

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    ..or yes.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/0.999...
     
  4. perdidochas

    perdidochas Well-Known Member

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    That's higher math than I ever learned. Doesn't make intuitive sense, but I'll take your (and Wiki's) word for it.
     
  5. WillReadmore

    WillReadmore Well-Known Member

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    I didn't want to wade through the Wiki.

    I'd look at it as
    B = .999999... (forever)
    10 X B = 9.999999... (forever)

    Now, subtract B from 10 X B.

    (10 X B) - B = 9 X B = 9.99999... - .99999... = 9

    Finally:
    B = (9 X B)/9 = 1
     
  6. Dispondent

    Dispondent Well-Known Member Past Donor

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    Whatever wiki says or anyone else, they are not equal, if you plug 1 into an equation you get different results than if you plug in .99999. Repeating numbers are theoretical, they have no practical use because eventually in the real world you must cut them off for the sake of space or time.
     
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  7. kazenatsu

    kazenatsu Well-Known Member

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    There's an inherent problem with that, most mathematicians haven't recognised.

    (Similar to the Infinite Hotel Paradox)

    There are different versions of infinity, you can't modify infinity without changing it.

    10 X 9.99999... is still going to have an effective zero place holder on the end, even though the 9s go on forever. (Yes, that sounds paradoxical)

    In the Infinite Hotel Paradox there's an inconsistency, where the concept is attempting to treat hotel guests and rooms fundamentally different from each other.

    So, in conclusion, although I recognise many mathematicians would disagree, my opinion is still that 0.999999... does not equal 1.
     
    Last edited: Oct 21, 2018
  8. The Don

    The Don Well-Known Member

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    That's why mathematicians prefer rigorous proof, and don't rely on individual opinion or gut feel.

    Here's the formal proof:

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/0.999...#Formal_proof
     
  9. Distraff

    Distraff Well-Known Member

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    Mathematically, no. Practically, yes.
     
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  10. Mamasaid

    Mamasaid Banned

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    No you don't. Not ever.

    Show us one such equation.
     
  11. Mamasaid

    Mamasaid Banned

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    Yes, mathematically, too.
     
  12. WillReadmore

    WillReadmore Well-Known Member

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    Interesting.

    One of my deficits is that I'm an engineer - lol!
     
  13. Dispondent

    Dispondent Well-Known Member Past Donor

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    Any equation in which you represent the results in number form, not theoretics.
     
  14. Mamasaid

    Mamasaid Banned

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    Wrong. They are the same number.
     
  15. Herby

    Herby Active Member Past Donor

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    During discussions like these, people often forget that mathematics is based on a set of rules and definitions collected and/or created by humans. As a mathematician, you essentially claim that this and that is true without regard for anything (especially nature), describe as precisely as possible what you mean, and look what else you can derive from a preferably small set of basic rules. "Standard math" just turns out to be really useful in many practical applications, like physics, where I'm coming from. That doesn't mean that you can't create your own kind of math that you prefer. Unfortunately, you're unlikely to find something that contradicts "standard math" in a big way, while also being more useful in the real world. I think that's the reason almost everyone calls "standard math", just "math". I am unaware of any good alternatives. It's proven to work and there will be more and more extensions, but there seems to be no need for a complete overhaul at this point and possibly ever.

    For you to agree that 0.999... = 1, you need to accept and understand some basic axioms, definitions, real numbers, algebra, and limits, and show that all of this is free of contradictions. This has been done. The most contentious issue here are probably limits. Does it really make sense to claim something like, the limit of 1/n as n goes to infinity is equal to 0? You can look up how a limit is really defined with those deltas and epsilons and try to derive consequences from that definition, like 0.999... = 1. While limits have many practical uses (physicists can't achieve much without calculus), you can still refuse to use them for completely arbitrary reasons. That's essentially what the 0.999... is not equal to 1 crowd is doing. They're rejecting certain certain axioms and/or definitions from "standard math". They can do that, of course, but they're usually unaware of how much useful math they really lose when they're doing so. I would say that losing calculus that way, for example, is totally unacceptable.
     
  16. WillReadmore

    WillReadmore Well-Known Member

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    Great points.

    In the natural sciences and engineering all those 9's after the first 3 or 4 are undoubtedly garbage.

    It's important to know how many of the endless streams of digits our calculators emit have any meaning at all.
     
  17. Dispondent

    Dispondent Well-Known Member Past Donor

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    Hardly, 1 is a usable concept whereas .9999 is a theoretical
    They are similar not the same. I can add 1+1 and get 2, you cannot do the same with your .999999...
     
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  18. Mamasaid

    Mamasaid Banned

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    Yes I can. .9999...+.9999...= 2, every time, everywhere. That is because 1 and 0.999.... are the same number. You are simply wrong, but you are invited to attempt any example or proof to demonstrate otherwise.

    In fact, demonstrating that 0.9999....+0.9999...= 2 is one of the easiest ways to prove to students that 0.9999...= 1. Do you understand why? I can show you. It's actually a fun example, as students inadvertently fall 4ss backwards into proving 0.9999...= 1, using this example.
     
    Last edited: Oct 28, 2018
  19. Dispondent

    Dispondent Well-Known Member Past Donor

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    Not true, since .99999 is infinite, you would still be doing the equation, in fact you haven't even gotten to the addition part...
     
  20. Mamasaid

    Mamasaid Banned

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    We don't have to to perform that infinite equarion, when we understand a principle that always holds. We don't have to perform the infinite iterations possible to know that (pi)r^2= the area of the circle, as we can prove this using a proof. So you are really barking up the wrong tree, there.

    When adding 0.9999... to itself, we don't have to perform math forever. We can simply agree that each place after the decimal will be 9. (This is a very simple proof, actually). In short summary, you will always get 18 and carry the 1, for any corresponding decimal place.

    So, 0.9999...+0.9999...= 1.9999..., by simple aritmetic and proof. Still with me?

    But, oops! You have just proven that (0.9999....+0.9999...)=(1 + 0.9999...), therefore proving 0.9999...=1.

    Sorry dude, you are just not going to to will your incorrect claims to suddenly become correct. 0.9999...=1 not just by arithmetic, but even by definition.
     
    Last edited: Oct 28, 2018

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