July 28, 2017 The Forgotten History of Britain's White Slaves in America By Janet Levy 28 July 2017 Slavery in America, typically associated with blacks from Africa, was an enterprise that began with the shipping of more than 300,000 white Britons to the colonies. This little known history is fascinatingly recounted in White Cargo (New York University Press, 2007). Drawing on letters, diaries, ship manifests, court documents, and government archives, authors Don Jordan and Michael Walsh detail how thousands of whites endured the hardships of tobacco farming and lived and died in bondage in the New World. Following the cultivation in 1613 of an acceptable tobacco crop in Virginia, the need for labor accelerated. Slavery was viewed as the cheapest and most expedient way of providing the necessary work force. Due to harsh working conditions, beatings, starvation, and disease, survival rates for slaves rarely exceeded two years. Thus, the high level of demand was sustained by a continuous flow of white slaves from England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1618 to 1775, who were imported to serve America's colonial masters. Black slaves received better treatment than Europeans on plantations, as they were viewed as valuable, lifelong property rather than indentured servants with a specific term of service. These indentured servants represented the next wave of laborers. They were promised land after a period of servitude, but most worked unpaid for up to15 years with few ever owning any land. Mortality rates were high. Of the 1,200 who arrived in 1619, more than two thirds perished in the first year from disease, working to death, or Indian raid killings. In Maryland, out of 5,000 indentured servants who entered the colony between 1670 and 1680, 1,250 died in bondage, 1,300 gained their right to freedom, and only 241 ever became landowners. [**Snip**] Several uprisings in the American colonies awakened slave owners to problems, exposing their vulnerability within the caste-like master-servant social system they had created. In 1676, Nathaniel Bacon, an aristocrat from England who became a Virginia colonist, instigated an insurrection, referred to as Bacon's Rebellion, that changed the course of white slavery. Read more: http://www.americanthinker.com/arti...ns_white_slaves_in_america.html#ixzz4oAVygMJg ______ Ms. Levy has written an accurate account of British cruelty and their use of slaves to occupy and colonize the Americas in the late 16th and 17th Centuries. Please note that the same methods were used to colonize Australia and New Zealand. "The Roots of Slavery -- The term "Slave" has its origins in the word "Slav". Slavs, inhabited a large part of Eastern Europe, were taken as slaves by the Muslims during the ninth century AD." Just one of many of the contributions of the Religion of Peace. American blacks believe they're the only ones ever enslaved. That is the only history taught today in school. It's called victimization and the Progressive Socialist Left uses it well. The Progressive Socialist Left conveniently omits that every culture since the beginning of man had slavery including modern day slavery. It's the old "keep them ignorant and on the plantation" mentality. It appears that white slave ancestors have had the capability that eludes blacks, they can get over it. Move on. Most forget or never have been made to know that many Americans like Ben Franklin ware indentured servants with a nine year or longer contracts. Blacks and Progressive Socialist non-blacks like to remind us that the Founding Fathers were old white slave owners. I consider Ben Franklin as one of the most important Founding Father. Please note, Britain stopped slavery for economic reasons it was never due to moral objections, and they had James Watt.