President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves, right? Almost right. The truth is that it only freed the slaves in the states that had joined the Confederacy with some exceptions. It did not free the slaves in border states that supported the Union and some cities and counties that had come under Union control at the time of the proclamation. These were the states and exceptions involved in the Emancipation Proclamation. "Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, (except the Parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James Ascension, Assumption, Terrebonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the City of New Orleans) Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia, (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth[)], and which excepted parts, are for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued." The proclamation, as it turns out, was not so much a magnanimous act to do the right thing. Instead it was a political document defining which were the good guys and which were the bad guys. The bad guys were not necessarily the slave owners, they were the military enemies of the Union.