(skip to 13:50 in the video) In 1911 the U.S. had the chance to support the Xinhai Revolution in China, which aimed at democracy and modernistic reforms. If the new Republic had been able to form in China, led by Sun Yat-sen, it is possible it may have prevented the Japanese occupation of China, the Second World War in the Pacific, and the Communists later coming to power. The U.S. refused to provide a loan and blockade of the harbor for Sun Yat-sen's forces to be able to take the capital in Beijing. Part of the reason was that the U.S. government did not want to upset Japan. Despite being sympathetic to Sun Yat-sen's cause, the U.S. foreign policy at the time was to maintain "Neutral Dollar Diplomacy" which meant ensuring financial stability of other regions in the world while protecting and extending U.S. commercial and financial interests. (The Chinese claim that the U.S. and other Western powers were benefiting from the divisions and conflict in China, by selling weapons and getting more concessions) Sun Yat-sen lacked an adequate army, so was forced to rely on the army of former Imperial General Yuan Shikai. In exchange for military support, Yuan Shikai demanded the Presidency of the new republic. But after being made President he began to further consolidate power for himself. He basically became a dictator, but as a warlord he only held direct control over a fifth of the country from the capital in Beijing. To try to consolidate the rest of the vast area of China he needed money. But the First World War was going on at the time so it was not possible to get a loan from the Western powers in Europe. Yuan Shikai was very unpopular in the rest of China, so to maintain his own power he had to give in to demands by Japan, which gave the Japanese a foothold in China. Sun Yat-sen is still regarded in China as a hero and one of the fathers of modern China, by both mainland China and the Taiwan government.