The Dersim rebellion in the summer of 1937 and the spring of 1938 by the local population of Dersim, now called Tunceli was crashed in blood. Tens of thousands of Alevi Kurds were killed and thousands more forced into exile, depopulating the province. A key component of the Turkification process was the policy of massive population resettlement, a result of the 1934 Law on Resettlement ('İskân Kanunu' Law No.2510, 13 June 1934) , a policy targeting the region of Dersim as one of its first test cases with disastrous consequences for the local population. Three types of resettlement zones were defined in the resettlement law as follows:
- districts to be evacuated for health, economic, cultural, political and security reasons and where settlement was forbidden;
- districts where the population was to be transferred and resettled for the purposes of assimilation to Turkish culture and,
- districts where an increase of the population having 'Turkish culture' was recommended.