The Constitution does not, in words, say who shall be natural-born citizens. Resort must be had elsewhere to ascertain that. At common-law, with the nomenclature of which the framers of the Constitution were familiar,
it was never
doubted that all children born in a country of parents
who were its citizens became themselves, upon their birth, citizens also. These were natives, or natural-born citizens,
as distinguished from aliens or foreigners. Some authorities go further and include as citizens(not natural born citizens)ch
ildren born within the jurisdiction without reference to the citizenship of their parents. As to this class there have been doubts,(of citizenship)
as to the first. For the purposes of this case
it is not necessary to solve these doubts (which doubts). It is sufficient for everything we have now to consider that all children born of citizen parents within the jurisdiction are themselves citizens.
The words "all children" are certainly as comprehensive, when used in this connection, as "all persons," and if females are included in the last they must be in the first. That they are included in the last is not denied. In fact the whole argument of the plaintiffs proceeds upon that idea.
CHIEF JUSTICE WAITE
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
88 U.S. 162; 21 Wall. 162
OCTOBER, 1874, Term