Cynical Machiavelli's fight of school cliques.
(recommendation regarding the maintenance of discipline on the lesson).
This conflict of bureaucratic cliques goes in any organization ‐ in the church, in the army, in the school, in the police, in the industrial corporation. It is necessary to consider features of this conflict on a school example. The small group of companions, tightly united for achieving of improper goals, is called by clique. My method is synthesis of a soсiometry by Jacob Moreno and my theory of personality types. Though some authors accused by Machiavelli of cynicism, but the theory of Machiavelli is an example for imitation for me in this matter. Machiavelli wrote about fight without rules in policy, and I write about fight without rules in the conflict of school cliques. The purpose of school cliques is conflict for power in organization. Teachers and students create similar cliques in the school. Cliques, which consist of the students use such means for achievement of power as the goal‐directed disruption of lesson and fight against the teacher. Successful disruption of a lesson means that the power of the leader of school hooligans is more than power of the teacher. The cliques of teachers conduct between themselves rivalry for the key positions and for the quantity of lessons (for size of salary) in the school. Unification into the cliques makes possible for people more successfully make to own career in the bureaucratic organization within the framework of the process of vertical mobility. Lone person is not capable to enjoy success in the administrative career.
According to my theory, it exists four personality types of people: technician, psychologist, speaker and theorist.
PSYCHOLOGIST ┼ TECHNICIAN
These types differ from each other that they have different developed functions of a brain. Technician has most developed ability to technician activity, psychologist has most developed intuition, speaker has most developed verbal speech, theorist has most developed abstract-logical thinking. Technician and psychologist are contrasts, and for this reason they are contrasts and enemies each other. The speaker and the theorist are contrasts and enemies each other too. Share of speakers consists 46 %, technicians – 32 %, psychologists – 20 %, theorists – 2 % in the Ural population. Share of women among speakers and technicians consists of 50 %, share of women among psychologists – 80 %, share of women among theorists – 20 % in the Ural population. If you want to define personality type of the given person, that it is necessary to begin with the answer to a question, is this person the speaker or not? The speaker is brightly allocated from common mass of people always, therefore it is very easy to define by speaker.
The speaker possesses high development of verbal speech (it is written on a forehead - "liar", "chatterbox" and «laughing-man» as it is written on a forehead of Russian singer Vladimir Vysotsky), Therefore speaker chats all the day as the radio receiver. Speaker is the leader in collective or he aspires to leadership. Style of speaker’s thinking is superficial. Speaker leans on numerous friends in the conflict. Style of speaker’s clothes is fashionable. Speaker possesses "the pasted" friendly or impudent smile. If the given person isn't the speaker then he is most often that this person is technician or psychologist since the share of theorists is little in any population. But psychologist and technician are contrasts and they differ from each other strongly.
Psychologist possesses the spiritualized expression of face (it is written "poetess" and «whore» on a forehead by psychologist). Psychologist’s face reminds a mirror where all emotions are read easily. Psychologist possesses pathos style of speech, psychologist has "southern" features more often (psychologists compose the majority of population among the southern nations). Psychologist has extravagant style of clothes (for example, psychologist has the shortest miniskirt, piercing etc.). Psychologist has weakness of character and a position "from below" in dialogue. Psychologist strives to have a support on the patron during the conflict.
The technician possesses a cold passionless expression of face (it is written "sexual-frigid woman" on a forehead by technician) and "northern" features. Technician possesses monotonous style of speech. Technician has speak with a tribune with help of «a piece of paper». Technician’s style of thinking is sample and practical. Technician is inborn executor as the robot.
Theorist possesses high degree of development of intelligence (it is written "botanist" on a forehead by theorist). Theorist is the strong single and theorist keeps single or in weak group of outsiders. Expression of his face is disseminated and unsociable. Theorist is afraid of a public statement in panic.
Speaker has the highest tendency toward the contact and toward the unification into the cliques. The theorist, who is the inborn lone person, has the lowest tendency toward the contact and toward the unification into the cliques. Therefore speakers have maximum success in the administrative career, and theorists have minimum success in the administrative career. It dismisses by speakers for membership in oppositional clique and for the too great tendency to power sometimes. Psychologists prefer to betray their yesterday's friends and to pass to the side of conqueror in the case of the defeat of own clique. Technicians do not manifest large tendency toward the power. Technicians does not assume active participation in the fight of teaching cliques. Technicians try to carry out the orders of the existing leader accurately and technicians don’t to voice doubts in relation to leading abilities of the existing leader publicly. Theorists behave similarly. The ruling teaching clique is formed around the director of school. The process of rivalry between the cliques appears for the influence to the director of school sometimes. The riots of teachers are possible on pedagogical meeting against the new director sometimes. Collective complaints into the higher authorities are possible sometimes, when the leaders of the teaching cliques have considered by new director of school as weak leader sometimes. It need time for new director of school that to strengthen his power and to form the ruling clique around itself. It is possible to pass to the dismissal of the leaders of oppositional cliques after the accomplishment of this first priority objective. The rivalry of teaching cliques reaches such incandescence sometimes, when the pedagogical association becomes similar to “the ball of snakes”. This position is aggravated because of a insignificant quantity or the complete absence of men in the composition of the pedagogical association, since women are more skillful by their nature under spreading of rumors and playing of scenes of the humiliation of enemy, women are less capable of the implicit obedience within the framework to bureaucratic hierarchy. This special feature of women can be explained by that fact that the portion of psychologists among the women somewhat higher than among the men. It is not possible to attain outstanding knowledge at schoolboys without good discipline. With other side, the lack of initiative and the passiveness of schoolboys testifies about the absence of interest to the studied subject. The absence of interest leads to the bad knowledge also. Therefore teacher must aspire to “the golden mean” in this question ‐ to support the optimum level “of noise” at the lesson. Teacher has the capability to obtain information about the level of interest to own lecture through the feedback with the listeners. The absence of interest to the lecture is manifested in the form the complete absence of remarks and counter questions from the side of audience. In this case it should be suppressed all attempts by speakers-pupils to take away the thread of conversation to the side from the studied theme, to organize empty chatter under cover of questions to the teacher. These actions of speaker are one of the methods of the disruption of lesson. A good method of supervision of the work of pupils is observation of the fact, do pupils write summary or not? There are hostile to each other cliques in school’s class very frequently. These cliques consist from pupils. Teacher can play on the contradictions between the hostile cliques in school’s class, that allows this teacher to avoid the general revolt in a class. The attempt of the teacher to punish of leader for clique meets with friendly resistance and protest of the members of this clique and the approval of the members for hostile clique, since the punished leader is their worst enemy too. The scope of resistance depends from the dimensions of the punished clique and degree of its influence in the school’s class. If punished leader continues to go to the aggravation of conflict against the teacher, then teacher must call by punished leader to the individual conversation after the lessons, where the punished leader is deprived of the support of its clique and punished leader behaves much modest.