Each element is just a different arrangement of the three subatomic particles: proton, neutron, and electron. All atoms, essentially, ARE the same. Heavier ones just have more protons packed in there, which attract and carry around more electrons, giving them different chemical properties because essentially only the outer electrons of the atoms interact with others.
Distinguishing between different elements is no more than counting protons. Anything that has an effect on a proton (or its constituents), will affect all the elements without a need to rewrite the rules for each element.
A fair question can be asked, "How does the Higgs give mass to all the different massive particles?" But asking that about elements shows that you don't know what elements are or how they are distinguished from each other. It is outside my currently naive understanding of modern physics to give you a good answer, but to the best of my understanding, the Higgs field is one of many fields that exists across the universe. The associated "particle" is of little consequence to mass as far as I know. A particle is just the manifestation of the entire field interacting with the surroundings at a certain point. The talk of the "Higgs" mass was talk about how much energy would be required at a certain locality to have enough to possibly produce the associated particle... or cause the Higgs field to interact with the detectors in the collider enough to momentarily create the particle, which is detected by the way it predictably, and immediately flies apart into other particles.
What the Higgs mechanism does, naively and conceptually, is provide some sort of backdrop that prevents all the little field interactions from all the different fields from flying away as pure energy. The mechanism makes that energy stick as particles, which is our conception of "mass."
Now that I have posted my ignorance, I am hopeful someone with more expertise can come along and correct this and teach us all a little more about this stuff.
On ne voit bien qu'avec le cœur. L'essentiel est invisible pour les yeux.
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
I think one of the long term goals is to start colonizing in space and beyond interstellar travel. We only have about 1 billion years left on earth before the oceans start to evaporate as our sun starts to die. And more likely only around 600,000 years before temperatures get to hot for comfort.
I hear Andromeda has nice weather
I don't recall any religious person ever positing God as the physical reason mass has matter.
If they were illiterate you wouldn't know anything about them.The illiterate sheepherders of the Middle East,
They didn't write anything about any of that stuff. Not in the way you want to suggest anyway.upon whose wisdom many people base their worldview, were wrong about the size, shape, structure, location, formation, behavior, age, and relative importance of the Earth.
They were wrong about astronomy, biology, chemistry, cosmology, history, geography, geology, medicine, zoology,
They had atheists back then. Why didn't they set 'em straight? Why did religious people have to give us the enlightenment on the coattails of the reformers in order to get science going? Why do so many libertarians need to attack religion all the time? I understand that many of you are young atheists, and I'm not asking you to become a Christian (not right now anyway), but how are libertarians supposed to get any political traction with you guys acting this way? If you must post crap like this, at least take down the Gary Johnson sticker when you do it.the treatment of women and personal grooming. And pretty much everything else. In the absence of science, they operated on superstition. It’s not that they didn’t know the right answers, they didn’t even know the questions. Rather than real knowledge, they produced urban legends and destructive cultural behaviors that plague mankind to this day. The ancient religions possess no methodology for the validation of knowledge, but are quite good at the denial and destruction of knowledge. You can look it up on their Web sites.
Last edited by Maximatic; Jul 12 2012 at 02:19 AM. Reason: e ?